Periyar National Parks
ABOUT PERIYAR NATIONAL PARK
Nestled high in the ranges of Western ghats in the south Indian state
of Kerela is the Peryar national park and the periyar Tiger reserve.Covering
an area of 777 sq kms, the periyar was declared a santuary in 1934. In
1978, periyar became a tiger reserve among the most famous 18 reserves
under project tiger. Periyar was accorded the status of a national park
in 1982.Today it is the most captivated and exotic wildlife santuary with
its vast diversity of flora and fauna.The topoghraphy of the priyar national
park is varied with marshy grasslands and steep and rolling hills. Most
of the forest area is covered with moist deciduous type of trees.The periyar
national park boast a sparkling periyar lake which was constructed by
the britishers in 1895 by building a dam across the periyar lake. The
periyar lake serves as a source of water supply for the animals and water
resident species.Boat riding and motor launches are now available throughout
Periyar national park is famous for its elephant diversity. Huge number
of elephants are seen stolling around the periyar lake, some are found
playing, swimming and bathing in the waters of the lake.Apart from being
a natural hub for the elephants, periyar national park also provides shelter
for the vigorious carnivore-the tiger. There are about 40 species of tigers
seen in the park.
MAJOR WILDLIFE ATTRACTION OF PERIYAR NATIONAL PARK
Besides being the home to the elephants and the tigers, periyar national
park houses other wildlife species such as teh leopard, wild dogs, sambar,
wild boars, mouse deer, barking deer, porcupines, squirrels, gaur and
wild pigs. there are four species of primates seen in the park such asteh
rare lion-tailed macaque, the nilgiri langur, common langur and bonnet
macaque. The uncommon Nilgiri tahr is alo seen in this park.
Periyar national park is heaven for the birds viewers as large species
of birds both residential and migratory are found in huge abundance. The
most commonly seen birds in the periyar national park are the cormorants,herons,
black crested baza, darters,racket tailed-drongoes,grey-headed fish eagle,Indian
griffon mynas,orioles, wood pegions, king fishers,kites, ospreys,kestrel,little
green heron,painted stork thrushes and blue winged parakeets.
HOW TO REACH PERIYAR NATIONAL PARK
The nearest airports from Periyar national park are at Kochi(200
kms) and Madurai in Tamil Nadu(140 kms).
kottayam(114 kms) is the nearest railway station from Periyar
The nearest town from periyar is Kumily which is well connected
with Kottayam.Frequent buses and taxis are available from Ernakulam, Madurai(140
kms), Kottayam(114 kms),Thiruvananthapuram(271 kms).