Keoladeo Ghana National Parks


Keoladeo Ghana National Park lies in Bharatpur city of Rajasthan, India. One of the finest bird parks in the world, keoladeo Ghana National Park is a reserve that offers protection to faunal species as well, though there is no doubt that this is primarily a bird sanctuary. Occupying an area of 29 sq kms, it is the home to 377 species of birds both resident and migratory water birds.Keoladeo Ghana National Park is the only man made park in the world. Once a shooting preserve of the Royal family of Bharatpur, the marshy swamplands were created by a Maharaja who built a dam and an artificial lake and diverted water from irrigation canals to flood the low depression, creating a permanent home for waterfowl. The park was built in 1760.

Keoladeo Ghana National Park has also been listed as the World Heritage site. Keoladeo Ghana National Park has derived its name from an ancient temple in the centre of the park devoted to lord Shiva, Keoladeo The term” Ghana” comes from Hindi language which means dense and indicates the thick forest that covers the total area. Keoladeo Ghana became a national park on 10th March 1982 and accorded the status of World Heritage Site in December 1985.


Keoladeo Ghana National Park is paradise for the bird lovers. It is the only place in the world where birds of different types can be seen from a closer range. Early mornings, there isn’t just bird song in the air, but a virtual orchestra of sounds. The entire park is medley of sounds, fluttering wings and chirping of young ones.

Today 377 species of birds best at Keoladeo, and Heronry is believed to be the best in the world. Keoladeo is said to be the breeding and feeding place for most of the non-residential(migratory) birds. Several species of birds are migratory visitors, journeying to the park in winters from distances as far as Siberia and Central Asia. The most famous of these winter migrants is the greatly endangered Siberian crane, though its numbers have reduced drastically from a few hundreds few decades ago to barely a few birds now. Apart from Siberian crane and the Heron, the other migratory birds found in the park are Pelicans, Geese, Ducks, Eagles, Hawks, Stints, Shanks, Wagtails, Warblers, Wheatears, Flycatchers, Buntings, Larks and Pipits .

The park is not noted for just birds, but other inhabitants such as boars, sambar, otters, chital, foxes, fishing cats, frogs, water snakes, snails, turtles, porcupine and python are also major attraction of the park.


Keoladeo Ghana national park is open throughout the year but the best time to visit the park is from August - November, which is the breeding season for the residents birds and October-February, the breeding period for migratory birds. Motorised vehicles are not encouraged within the park, and visitors navigate the narrow paths in between the artificially created lakes on bicycles, cycle rickshaws or on foot. Visitors can observe birdlife from closer quaters in boats.


BY AIR: The nearest airport is Agra which is 56 kms from Bharatpur national park. The place is well linked with Delhi airport which can be reached from Agra.

BY RAIL: The nearest raiway station is the Bharatpur raiway station which is only 6 kms from the park. There are regular trains that connect Bharatpur with all the Metropolitan cities of India such as Delhi,Mumbai, Jaipur and Agra.

BY ROAD: Bharatpur is connected by road with all the major cities of Rajasthan and the nearby states such as Delhi, Uttar Pradesh and Harayana. Road networking connect Bhatapur from Agra(56 kms), Delhi(176 kms) and Jaipur(176 kms).
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